The 14 July 14 1906 issue of the highly esteemed medical journal, The Lancet, had a review of a vacuum cleaner called the “WITCH” DUST EXTRACTOR:
THE removal of dust from carpets, hangings, and furniture by means of the broom or brush is opposed to sanitary ideals. Such a method merely effects at its best the dislodgment of dust from one place only to fall upon another. In short, the carpet may be cleaned and may look brighter for the process, but the dust is only scattered and sooner or later appears elsewhere, as, for example, upon the mantelpiece, bookshelves, or pictures in the room. Moreover, the broom by no means removes the dust perfectly even from the carpet to which it is assiduously applied. At any rate, when suction is applied to the swept carpet a good deal more dust is seen to be extracted. This is very well illustrated in the application of the simple dust extractor known as the “Witch,” a model of which has recently been submitted to us for trial by the Witch Dust Extractor Co. of Temple Row, Birmingham.
At the time, there was a section of the journal called New Inventions.
The review continues, explaining the mechanism of action (it’s not electric) :
The way in which this appliance works will be readily understood from an inspection of the accompanying illustration. It consists of a pair of exhaust bellows worked by foot to which is attached a length of hose and in its turn an “extractor” shaped like a flattened out speaking-tube. On working the bellows a strong suction takes place at the mouth of the extractor which rapidly withdraws the dust from the carpet over which the extractor travels. Some idea of the force of the suction may be gathered from the fact that ordinary pins find their way into the receptacle for the dust which is contained in the exhaust chest of the apparatus.
Servants will love it!
Of course, the machine cannot be worked without expending some energy upon it but in practice it is said that servants prefer this kind of labour to the use of the broom and the result is much more satisfactory and decidedly cleaner in its application.
And finally, it’s scientific!
This system threatens to do away with the unscientific and clumsy method of sweeping the carpet, and those who have any care at all for the application of sanitary measures in the house will express no regret that such is the case.
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I recently received an e-mail from a hotmail account, with the subject line of “Angelina Holmes.” It invited me to submit a paper to the Journal of Planning and Architecture. This may seem strange at first, since I have absolutely no background in either planning or architecture. But it’s par for the course in these days of predatory open access publishing, where fake journals set up shop merely to collect money from those willing to pay to publish. Here’s the pitch:
It is my great honor and pleasure to invite you to submit your most recent research and ideas to Journal of Planning and Architecture, world’s leading journal in the domain. The peer reviewed international journal offers fast review within approx 12 days. Published articles are made available online with free access to target multinational audience in your domain. With high impact index 3.54 journal is accepting leading research in the domain of Planning and Architecture.
Over two years ago, I created a spam e-mail folder for Fake Conferences and Fake Journals, which currently has 242 messages. Therefore, the outcome of what’s come to be known as the big “sting”, a flawed exposé of crappy open access journals at Science, came as no surprise to me.
The most amusing aspects of the recent Photon pitch included the laughable webpage hosted at sites.google.com, the multicolor fonts, the preposterous text, and a fabricated metric called the “impact index” (instead of impact factor).
Photon Innovations- 2013:
Welcome to Photon Innovations-2013. The highly versatile Global Project which connects world’s top most leaders, academicians, scientists, innovators, entrepreneurs and organizations towards filtration of World’s Path Breaking Research Articles and Discoveries. The project incubates milestone & cutting edge research and discoveries for the year 2013 which have potential to catalyze the domain. The Global Project awards the scientists with Photon Innovations-2013 Award who demonstrates the calibre to transform and catalyze the domain. Their names would be announced and published on Photon Beam in 2013 with affiliations and respective countries.With the passion you can submit your work at email@example.com
The world is waiting for you!…………..Only thing, you need to have is Determination.
From what I can tell, they have a grand total of 37 papers published in 57 journals. To cap off the exploitativeness, they’re sponsoring something called the Photon Young Scientist Program-2013 (PYSP-2013).
Is it any surprise, then, that these types of journals would accept a fake paper without peer review?